When will robots take charge?

Please read the following books:

Kelly, Kevin -
Out of Control

Dyson, George - Darwin Among the Machines: the evolution of global intelligence

Moravec, Hans - Robot: mere machine to Transcendent Mind

Kurzweil, Ray - The Age of Spiritual Machines

Hawkins, Jeff - On Intelligence : How A New Understanding of the Brain Will Lead to the Creation of
Truly Intelligent Machines

And visit the following sites:

Kevin Warwick outlines his plan to become one with his computer Web:
http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.02/warwick.html

After you have read these books and browsed Kevin Warwick's site, we recommend that you
return to www.donbot.com for more information.


The following are from Science November 16, 2007:
Pfeifer, Lungarella, and Iida (p. 1088) examine recent efforts to design robots based on lessons learned from biological
organisms. They show that robots can improve their performance by borrowing living body plans and substructures.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1088
Bellingham and Rajan (p. 1098) tell how robots with an increasing sense of autonomy are being used to explore the
hostile environments under the oceans and in outer space.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1098
Madden (p. 1094) reviews the progress that has been made in developing artificial muscles that can compete with the
properties of human muscle and may one day enable untethered robots to run, leap, jump, or climb.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1094
But even as robots become more lifelike, the biological function of self-replication still eludes them, as Cho (p. 1084)
reports.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1084
The last two pieces take us from body to brain. In a story by Lester (p. 1086), we find that robots are increasingly used in
secondary schools and undergraduate programs as tools to interest students in engineering and computer science.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1086
From a different direction, a Perspective from Edelman (p. 1103) describes a research program in which robots equipped
with brainlike devices learn to carry out tasks in the presence of visual cues and other sensory feedback. These "Darwin"
bots may teach us something about our own ways of thinking and learning.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1103
Outside the special section are two stories in News Focus. Service (p. 1056) looks at future exploration of the Northeast
Pacific Ocean using partly robotic platforms
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1056
Cho (p. 1060) covers the DARPA Urban Challenge, an international competition for self-navigating driverless cars held in
California earlier this month.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1060
In an Editorial by Sawyer (p. 1037), we learn how the science fiction literature has long considered a robotic future and the
many ethical questions this will raise.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5853/1037
You may also find them under ADonAdobe/Robots