Socialist View of Things
The Socialist Society
First, in a socialist society there will be no private ownership of the land and the industries. When we
say this, we are not talking about your personal belongings. We are talking about the factories, the mills,
the mines, the railroads—in short, the socially operated instruments used in the production and
distribution of the necessities of life. We say that these must belong to society as a whole.
Secondly, in socialist society there will be no wage system in which the workers receive in wages only a
fraction of the value of the goods they produce. Instead, under socialism we shall receive the full social
value of our labor. We shall produce for use rather than for sale with a view to profit for private capitalists.
We shall produce the things we want and need rather than the things for which a market exists in which
the goods produced are sold for the profit of private owners.
Finally, instead of political government we shall establish a government in which representation will be
based on industry. Each industry and service will be represented in the overall socialist administration
through representatives elected to gradually ascending deliberative and planning bodies.
Organized into one all-embracing socialist industrial organization we, the useful producers, shall
manage and direct all social production, and exercise all authority. In each plant we shall
democratically elect a council or management board to supervise plant operations. In each shop unit we
shall also elect our supervisors, and make all other decisions necessary for the most efficient operation
of the shop and plant.
In each plant we, the workers, shall elect representatives to a local industrial council that will
coordinate production in our industry or service at the local level, and we shall elect representatives to
a national industrial council that will coordinate production in our industry or service nationally.
Finally, we shall elect our representatives to the All-Industrial Congress that will replace the present
political Congress. The All-Industrial Congress will plan and coordinate all social production and all
social services. All representatives and administrators will be elected directly by the rank and file, who
will be exercising their vote in an area where they have the most knowledge. We call this industrial
organization the Socialist Industrial Union government. It will be a complete democracy—an industrial
Socialist government will be concerned with practical considerations; considerations such as
determining the quantities and kinds of useful things needed to insure an uninterrupted flow of the
good things of life to satisfy our needs and desires. The people elected to serve at all levels of the
Socialist Industrial Union government will require a knowledge and understanding of the processes of
production and distribution. They will have to have the ability to coordinate and direct these processes.
Coming from industry, they will have this knowledge, understanding and ability.
No doubt there will be times when mistakes will be made. But they can, and will, be rectified quickly,
efficiently and democratically. Administrators and representatives who fall short of the mark may be
recalled from office as easily as they were elected to office. Through their Socialist Industrial Union
organization the rank and file of workers will control the government completely.
Elimination of Social Parasites
Another point. When private and state ownership have been eliminated, there will be no way for social
parasites, capitalistic or bureaucratic, to exist. In the nature of things, it will be impossible for any
individual or group to acquire economic power and use it to exploit or suppress another human being.
Nor will those elected to the socialist administrative bodies possess, or be able to acquire, economic
power. There will be no material basis on which a bureaucracy could establish and perpetuate itself. No
one will be able to hand out offices or appoint lackeys. All who will serve in government, in whatever
capacity, will be elected by the rank and file and subject at all times to rank-and-file control. In short,
we, the workers, shall be in complete control of the source of all power, the economic resources of the
Here in the United States we have all the material requirements for producing an abundance. It is
common knowledge that we have developed the most productive machine in the world. Once this
machine is socially owned, controlled and administered, there will not be, there cannot be, conflicting
material interests. We shall all be useful producers, each contributing his or her fair share to the total
product. In return, each of us will receive directly and indirectly all that we produce. We say
“indirectly” because we shall get part of our product back through social services—public health,
education, recreation, etc.
In socialist society there can be no poverty or involuntary unemployment. The more producers, the
better for all. Technological improvements will be a further blessing. The greater the number of workers,
the better the tools, the more modern the methods, the greater and more varied will be the wealth we can
produce, and the shorter the hours each of us will have to work.
So great is our capacity to produce abundance that we can easily insure that our youth will be
educated, the aged provided for, and the sick given the finest care possible. All this will be done without
depriving anyone of a fair and more than adequate share. It will not be charity but the rightful share of
every human being in the affluent socialist society.
In the socialist climate of abundance and cooperation, we shall achieve the highest standards of mental
health and physical well-being. We shall enjoy great material well-being individually and collectively,
but it will not be at anyone else’s expense. We shall be secure, healthy, happy human beings living in
peace, harmony and freedom, in marked contrast to the capitalist jungle of strife, misery and insecurity
in which we live today.
The Organized Working Class
How can we get such a society? The answer is easy. It is within the power of the workers to establish
such a society as soon as they recognize the need for it and organize to establish it. The program of the
Socialist Labor Party of America points the way.
First, to win the struggle for socialist freedom requires building a political party of socialism to contest
the power of the capitalist class on the political field, and to educate the majority of workers about the
need for socialism.
But, in addition, the working class must organize its might to back up its demand for the end of
capitalism and the establishment of socialism. This might lies in industry—in the industries that the
workers already run from top to bottom. Organized into one great Socialist Industrial Union, the workers
would constitute an irresistible power to back up their demand for socialism. Organized into such a
union, they would take, hold and operate the industries in their own interests. This Socialist Industrial
Union would at the same time become the framework of the new democratic government, the Socialist
Industrial Republic of Labor, the society of peace, plenty and universal freedom.
Study the Socialist Labor Party program and prepare yourself to assist in bringing about this urgently
needed social change.
Socialist Labor Party of America, P.O. Box 218, Mountain View, CA 94042-0218 • www.slp.org •