US Government Plans to Simulate the Human Brain

The following is a slide from a lecture given by James Albus on Wednesday May 10, 2006 at IBM's
Almaden Research Center in California.  James Albus works for the NIST which stands for "The National
Institute of Standards and Technology".  NIST is a federal technology agency that develops and
promotes measurement, standards, and technology. Their web site is at:

Below please find slide 9 of the Powerpoint slide presentation available at:
see the ppt file next to the name James Albus who is on the schedule to speak at 3:00 PM on May 10,
2006.  A video of his whole lecture is also available by clicking the video camera logo.

Slide 9:

The obvious goal being set by NIST and US Department Of Defense is to develop weapons which will
surpass human levels of performance by 2025.  We already know that if two fighter airplanes are
dueling in the skies that the limits are set by the human's ability to withstand high G forces due to rapid
turns.  The only way to remove this restriction is to remove the human pilot.  The nation which can do
that will subsequently win all of the dog-fights.  Beyond that consideration, the US military knows better
than anyone that pressure to stop wars comes from the deaths of American soldiers.  The obvious
solution to that is to eliminate the need for human soldiers.  This is their specific goal, as you can see
from the slide above.  The embodiment of this performance will be in some form of technology,
presumably the extension of the current trends in computer design.  Note that this is being defined by
the Intelligent Systems Division of NIST.  By "intelligent systems" they specifically mean computer
systems which will be intelligent by 2025.

James S. Albus, Senior NIST Fellow
James S. Albus.  E-mail: Telephone Number: (301) 975-3418
FAX Number: (301) 990-9688 Secretary: Jeanenne Salvermoser.

NIST/ARL Roadmap to 2025

2005 – Robust autonomous road-following
and off-road driving

2010 – LADAR cameras provide the range,
resolution, and speed to cope with dense traffic

2015 – Cognitive reasoning capabilities enable
useful tactical behaviors on the battlefield

2020 – Cognitive reasoning and tactical behaviors
approach human levels of performance

2025 – Autonomous combat vehicles surpass human
levels of performance in most, if not all, areas

NIST - Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory - Intelligent Systems Division